In my work, I treated the texts as examples of what Pierre Nora called 'lieux de mémoire' and I was interested in how the production and reception of these texts construct and perform particular narratives of the Spanish Civil War. I applied Judith Butler's performative gender theory to memory, and examined how gender and memory are interlinked. I also showed how Julia Kristeva’s theories of the abject and Jacques Derrida’s theories of hauntology can shed useful light on the way these texts appropriate gender as a metaphor to reinforce particular narratives of the Spanish Civil War. In the process, I argued that the varied cultural texts I analysed often reinforce conservative readings of the idealised body—virile, male and young, by recycling tropes of representing victimhood through female, child, elderly and dis/abled bodies. Also, by associating the Spanish Republic with tragic victimhood, the texts suggest that its defeat was inevitable, in the process associating that defeat with other progressive political movements that the Spanish Civil War has come to symbolise.


In February 2008, I organised a conference called Spanish Civil War: History, Memory, Representation. This led to the publication, in 2013, of a collection of essays called The Spanish Civil War: Exhuming a Buried Past, published by the University of Wales Press.


My work on the Spanish Civil War has also lead to a number of journal articles and book chapters:


‘‘They’re good with good girls’: Socialisation of Gender in Coming-of-age Films about the Spanish Civil War’ in Nationalism and Cultural Memory in Texts of Childhood eds Heather Snell and Lorna Hutchison (London: Routledge, 2014), pp. 197-210


with Chantal Cornut-Gentille D’Arcy, “Lo pasó mal’: Victimización de género en ¡Ay Carmela! [1990] de Carlos Saura” in Desmontando a Saura ed. Carmen Rodríguez Fuentes (Barcelona: Luces de Gálibo, 2013), pp. 45-56

Researcher, Lecturer, Podcaster

(En)Gendered Loss: Gender, Mourning and Memory in Narratives of the Spanish Civil War


‘Tracing Identities, Identifying Traces: Memory and Identity in Contemporary Spain’ in Mapping Identities and Identification Processes: Approaches from Cultural Studies eds Eduardo de Gregorio-Godeo & Ángel Mateos-Aparicio (Bern and New York: Peter Lang AG, 2013), pp. 281-292



‘The Spanish Civil War and its (Welsh) Afterlives: Memorialisation as a Political Act’ in Word and Text: A Journal of Literary Studies and Linguistics, 1:1, June 2011, pp. 151-163